On Friday, Judge Katherine B. Forrest issued her ruling in the lawsuit challenging New York’s gravity knife statute (and the corresponding “Flick-Test”) as un-Constitutionally vague. In what Knife Rights Chairman Doug Ritter describes as “not altogether unexpected”, she ruled against the Plaintiffs, and upheld the statute which has led to 10’s of thousands of unjust arrests in New York City.
Following on the heels of Governor Cuomo’s veto of the Legislature’s effort to right this injustice, knife owners must now wait for the case to be be appealed – to the same court that unanimously reversed Judge Forrest’s 2015 dismissal of the case , ruling that the Plaintiffs did in fact have standing to bring the lawsuit.
I am working on a companion piece to this one, with a closer examination of Judge Forrest’s vacuous ruling. However, I wanted to pass along Knife Right’s media release as it is fresh off the presses.
Bogus “Stop and Flick” Arrests to Continue in NYC – for NowCourt Upholds Unconstitutional and Discriminatory Arrests
January 30, 2016 – Gilbert, Arizona: Last Friday U.S. District Court Judge Katherine B. Forrest ruled in favor of New York City and District Attorney Cyrus Vance, Jr. in Knife Rights’ long-running federal civil rights case challenging the City’s policy of treating any locking blade folding knife that can be “flicked” open as a prohibited gravity knife.
In a tortured 35-page decision, the Court fundamentally re-characterized the case in a way that did not reflect the case presented. The Court disregarded key evidence and ignored the basic argument in the lawsuit that a person has no way of knowing if he possesses a knife that could result in arrest and prosecution. That is the central issue in Plaintiff’s constitutional Void for Vagueness claim. Assistant DA Dan Rather, Jr. even admitted at trial that a knife that cannot be “flicked” open by the purchaser at the time of lawful purchase can suddenly transform into an illegal gravity knife two steps out the door if an NYPD officer is able to “flick” it open.Despite that damning testimony that proves that the City’s so-called “wrist flick” test is subjective, variable, and thus unconstitutionally vague, as well as all the other evidence presented by the Plaintiffs in the case, the Court avoided dealing with this key point by essentially ignoring Plaintiff’s claim. Instead, the Court bought into the City’s and DA’s egregious argument that the claim that the Plaintiffs could not purchase another knife without risking arrest again was hypothetical, when it is not at all. It is a real risk that the Plaintiffs face, as well as anyone else, in buying or carrying a common folding knife in New York City.With this decision, Judge Forrest has doomed thousands more to arrest and prosecution for carrying common pocket knives that won’t get someone arrested virtually anywhere except in New York City.
Read the decision at: www.KnifeRights.org/NYC_Decision_01272017.pdfIt is not uncommon for lower courts, especially in the Northeast, to uphold questionable and constitutionally problematic laws involving knives and firearms. As such, it is not all that surprising that the Court delivered this decision. The real battle almost always takes place in the appellate courts, which is where this case is headed now, and always was, regardless of this lower court’s decision.
Until Plaintiffs win on appeal, those living in or visiting New York City and carrying common folding knives with a locking blade will continue to be needlessly harassed, imprisoned and prosecuted by the City’s “stop and flick” follow-up to the infamous “stop and frisk” policy previously ruled unconstitutional.
All but a handful of those trumpeted stop and frisk “illegal weapon” arrests and seizures involved these same common folding knives carried and used by millions of Americans everyday at home, work and while recreating. Research by the Legal Aid Society and The Village Voice concluded that over 85% of the over 60,000 persons that are estimated to have been arrested and prosecuted for carrying these common folding knives in the past 12 years are minorities — a glaringly discriminatory arrest policy. Even New York’s Governor, while recently vetoing for his own politically-inspired motivations Knife Rights’ legislation that passed overwhelmingly, and which would have resolved this issue, called these arrests “absurd.”
Knife Rights Chairman Doug Ritter said, “we knew when we started this lawsuit that it would be a long road to justice and we are prepared to see it through. We will carry on seeking justice and the restoration of sanity to New York knife law and we are looking forward to presenting the appeal before the Second Circuit.”
The lawsuit challenges New York City’s and District Attorney Vance’s attempt to criminalize as contraband the most widely-owned pocket knives in America — locking blade folding knives — under state law prohibiting gravity knives. The case seeks a judicial determination that the New York State law regarding gravity knives is unconstitutionally vague as applied by NYC and the DA to these common folding knives (which are distinct from gravity knives because of their bias towards closure). Knife Rights’ lawsuit intends to stop NYC law enforcement and officials from abusing this unconstitutionally vague state law to make bogus arrests of law-abiding citizens carrying common pocket knives, and from coercing knife retailers into making huge payments to avoid prosecution.
Meanwhile, Knife Rights and the broad coalition of organizations opposing the City’s gravity knife policy continue to work with New York Assemblyman Dan Quart and Senator Diane Savino on a legislative solution to the problem. Look for a new bill to be filed shortly.
NOT in NYC
WARNING: New York City has interpreted the
state law against gravity knives such that if an
officer can “wrist flick” the knife blade open, or
alleges that the knife might be able to be opened
in such a manner, and the knife blade locks
open, that knife is an illegal gravity knife, even if
you cannot do so. NYC takes this position even if
it requires multiple tries and use of exaggerated
arm thrust or motion. Using this interpretation,
most any locking blade folding knife might be
deemed an illegal gravity knife.Note also that New York City administrative code
has an under-4-inch blade length limit and
requires knives be carried FULLY concealed.
Knife Rights suggests that you never carry your knife clipped to your pocket in New York
City as it is illegally “not concealed” and will likely result in a stop by NYPD, resulting in
a violation or arrest. Even when covered by a jacket, simply moving the jacket aside to
get to a wallet has been enough to get folks a violation or arrested. Always ensure your
knife is completely concealed at all times, including not “printing” on the outside of your
clothing. In addition, be extremely circumspect about using a knife for any purpose in a
Knife Rights’ fight against New York City’s assault on pocket knife owners and our constitutionally protected rights continues. We are fighting the largest city in America and an injustice that strikes at the heart of our freedoms on many levels. The City and DA Vance have virtually unlimited taxpayer funding to oppose us; we need your support to stay in this fight and prevail in the end. Please support this lawsuit with a TAX-DEDUCTIBLE charitable contribution to the Knife Rights Foundation.
About Knife Rights
Knife Rights (www.KnifeRights.org) is America’s grassroots knife owners organization, forging a Sharper Future™ for all knife owners. Knife Rights is dedicated to providing knife owners an effective voice to influence public policy. In doing so, Knife Rights is rewriting knife law in America™. In the past seven years, Knife Rights has passed pro-knife legislation repealing knife bans in 15 states and stopped anti-knife legislation in 6 states. Knife Rights also leads a federal civil rights lawsuit against New York City and the New York District Attorney over their persecution of knife owners. Become a Knife Rights member and make a contribution to support the fight for your knife rights. Visit www.KnifeRights.org
Contact: Doug Ritter