Know Your Knives: Woodlore Bushcraft Knife

Image courtesy of

Image courtesy of

When it comes to famous outdoors knives, the Woodlore is a fairly recent pattern. Knives like the Kephart, and Nessmuk have been around for over a century. The Woodlore on the other hand is the brainchild of bushcraft instructor Ray Mears, and has only been around since the early 1990’s. It is a straightforward design, influenced by his studies under outdoorsman Mors Kochanski, and stood in stark contrast to the typical “survival” knives of the era.

Mears has said about his career “I was trying to put right the damage done by Rambo,” damage to which he inadvertantly contributed.


Image courtesy of Paul Kirtley

The original Wilkinson Sword Survival Knife (top) and updated version, the Dartmoor Knife CSK185 (bottom). Photo: Paul Kirtley.

In the late 1980’s, Mears was responsible for the blade shape and grind of the Wilkinson-Sword Survival Knife, designed “to combine the ideals of a woodsman’s knife with the requirements of the expeditioner.” (source)


Image courtesy of Paul Kirtley

The hollow handle of the Dartmoor Knife containing obligatory survival kit Photo: Paul Kirtley.

Then the factory took his design and added extraneous serrations, hooks, saw teeth, and hollow handle in an effort to cash in on the trends of the day.

With all this in mind, Mears approached custom knife maker Alan Wood with ideas for his truer vision of a bushcraft knife. From

“Ray contacted me to discuss a British knife specifically designed for bushcraft…

He wanted a smallish knife, handmade and as British as possible that was to become the Woodlore Neck Knife due to the sheath concept that allowed carry with a cord around the neck or slung under the arm for discrete carry or Arctic use. He wanted carbon steel as he felt stainless had no “soul”, a full, non-tapered tang and the short Nordic grind, a wood handle from native trees and a design that was devoid of frippery.”

Alan loaned Ray a knife to test out that was roughly the size and shape he was looking for, a D2 steel drop point with a blade just over four inches. Ray later returned with notes for Alan as well as a sketch of what he wanted. Alan made a few small tweaks to the design and set out to make the first prototypes.

Image courtesy of

The original Alan Wood Woodlore (top) and the D2 knife provided to Ray Mears for early testing. Image courtesy of

Alan Wood continues:

“He still wanted the short bevel grind and explained that most people who attended his courses weren’t necessarily “knife people” and that it would be easier for them to sharpen if they could lay the whole bevel on the hone. Also, he needed the wedge-like edge that it produced for specific bushcraft tasks and controlled woodworking cuts.

The first knives were made from 5/32” x 1¼” O1 steel at a hardness of Rockwell C-56/57… I fitted the maple and shaped the handles with my normal palm swell and flared and domed butt. The wood was dyed to bring out the grain and given an oil finish with Danish Oil. The sheaths were wet moulded from vegetable tanned hide and finished with an oil/wax molten mix.

The spine was ground flat and square to be used for “Fireflash” ferrociem rods and other scraping tasks.

Contrary to popular belief the Woodlore blade shape has never been a “spear-point”. The spine has always been an arc and the edge shape has a little straight section and a parabolic flow and not a symmetrical spear shape which offers less utility.”

Some refinements were made over the years–slightly more belly, a higher temper, and later, a tapered tang–but the basic design today is virtually the same as those first knives.

Here is a nice video of Ray going through his sharpening process with his antler handled Woodlore. This version of the knife was only made for Ray and for his fellow instructors.

Alan Wood on the Woodlore’s scandi grind:

“Given that these early blades were in the hands of practising bushcraft people I had a few returned for reconditioning of the edge bevel and found people weren’t laying the whole bevel flat on the hone during sharpening so creating a thick secondary bevel which destroyed the cutting ability. I decided that it would be best to supply the blades with a mild hollow grind similar to that produced when a knife is reground on a Tormek or similar machine. This would allow users much speedier sharpening sessions in the early stages when they weren’t so skilled or patient.”

Due to their popularity, Alan Wood has been unable to keep up with demand for these knives. The ur-Woodlore is expensive and I have heard of a waitlist that is reckoned at over a decade.

Thankfully, there are alternatives for those who want to get their hands on this type of design and don’t want to shell out huge amounts of cash or wait for years to get one.


The closest to the original is the official Ray Mears Bushcraft Knife, which is made by British maker Stephen Wade Cox to “almost identical specifications as the original Woodlore Knife.” The price listed on is £355.50, which is roughly $541 US at the time of this posting. Still expensive, but also cheaper than an original.

Image courtesy of David C. Andersen

The L.T. Wright Knives GNS (read our full review of this knife) is an American made spin-off of the Woodlore and was my original inspiration to learn more about this pattern. The blade profile and choice in steel is faithful to the original, with a different handle shape using canvas micarta instead of wood.


On the much more affordable end of the spectrum, the BokerPlus Bushcraft also opts for micarta handles. This version utilizes 440C stainless instead of carbon steel.


Condor Tool & Knife also produces a knife which could be compared to the Woodlore. They call it the Bushlore, and it is available with hardwood or micarta handles and is made from 1075 carbon steel. Other differences include a more pronounced beak at the end of the handle and a simpler spear point blade.

I’m sure there are more out there than just these. If you know of any other Woodlore inspired designs, be sure to let us know in the comments. So far, in my testing of the L.T. Wright GNS I have been very pleased by its performance. The Woodlore pattern may be young, but it is certainly influential and I would say is well on its way to becoming a classic.

I think Alan Wood sums it up best:

“Ray’s concept for a bushcraft knife has proved itself beyond question. There really isn’t anything new about the features of this simple tool but the combination is generally accepted as being unique. It won’t suit everyone as regards size and materials… but you can’t go far wrong in choosing one to meet actual bushcraft needs.”



  1. jans says:

    I like the blade profile of the Wilkenson-Sword/Dartmoor survival knife shown above. Could someone list some similar (but less expensive) alternatives? My preference would be for full-tang saw-less alternatives.

  2. I like the Micarta scales on the Boker, I just wish it were a better steel than 440c.

    1. Sam L. says:

      ‘Twould make it cost more.

    2. 440C ain’t so bad! I liked it on the Spyderco Cat I reviewed.

      1. I’m guilty of becoming a steel snob.

        I know it is perfectly fine, but the last couple of knives I have tested have been – CruWear, D2, S30V, and CPM3-V. It is hard not to catch the bug.

        1. Arizona says:

          there is a better steel than 440c, that steel being 1095; or even o1 for that matter. thing is though, too many hate both of them because you have to actually put out a bit of effort by oiling them every now and then and wipe your knife dry with each use. it also doesn’t keep that pristine silvery steel shine that stain resistant steels do. people say oh ewwww, it rusts. sure it does! but only if you don’t take care of it. after all, what were naval cutlasses made from? what was your general sailor’s knife made from? what was every knife in the steel age up to the advent of stain resistant steels made of? all those people took care of their equipment, especially those on the high seas, so they didn’t rust but acquired that classical rainbow patina.

          low alloy carbon steel also costs less to manufacture which translates into a lower price than stain resistant steel. then again, even if this knife was carbon steel, the price would very likely not change.

    3. Cow says:

      440C isn’t a bad steel. Problem is that its brothers are often used in cheap Chinese knives and many give it a cheap heat treat.

  3. stuartb says:

    The concept seems to follow the simple lines and under stated modesty of a Mora, but at the opposite price point

    1. Frankly, it looks like a Helle to me.

  4. Ranger Rick says:

    Anybody who pays $550 for a basic blade in 01 tool steel is a [expletive deleted] idiot. Even if Ray Mears told them to.

    1. Cow says:

      Welcome to Uncle Ray’s premium pricing. I own a couple products with his name on it, they’re all fantastic (just priced more than what most feel necessary).

    2. Ross says:

      you could buy the same knife for 100 cheaper direct from SWC before his passing. That is what i did and love the knife.

  5. Jim says:

    The Mears knife is fine but is nothing more than an unnessarily expensive version of a $15.00 Mora knife (dollar for dollar the best knife on the planet).
    The D2 knife above is inch for inch a Bob Loveless design.

  6. I would recommend Aaron Gray over a for a really well made AND affordable Woodlore Clone The name fits well to,…and he calls his the “Wolflore”.

    I had purchased a used one originally in the usually seen 5/32″ thick 01 Tool Steel. I like it a lot,…still do for batoning and light shopping work,…BUT I really have a preference for thinner blade stock.

    So,…I contacted Aaron a few months ago and put an order in for a 3/32″ thick “Wolflore”, scandi grind. Anticipated wait was arond SIX WEEKS as I recall,…VERY reasonable! While I was waiting,…I came across a wonderous bookmatches pair of decades old (so stable!) Arizona Desert Ironwood, and asked if I could send them out to be used on my upcoming build. No problem,….and off the went.

    A few weeks later I get some pics and and drooled over them the few says I had to wait for the knife to arrive! I already had a sheath,…but $165 total cost, with shipping via Priority,…was the cost. 🙂 (That’s with a slight credit for using my own scales, but his website lists the Wolflore at just $165 + Shipping,…so stil Quite a bargain!

    I’ll post some links to some photo’s, and if you want you can embed them into this post if possible. Please note I am NOT responsible if your computer is damaged with any drool generated,….VIEW at your own risk! 🙂

    By the way,…I would REALLY recommend if you order one,…have it made in the thinner 3/32″ thick 01 tool steel blade stock. It slices and dices food prep items SO well,…and the Kudzu vines in my yard fall to it’s edge regularly too! I’ve one some reasonable batoning with it also,…and for most folks the 3/32″ is plenty!

    Having access to BOTH a 5/32″ and 3/32″ blade by the same maker,… next one (YES, for my son!) will be in 3/32″ stock! One big advantage of this is that it will be a breaze to sharpen,…given the very short height to the scandi grind on this thickness. Just haven’t had the need to sharpen YET,….but looking forward to it eventually. 🙂

    It is a few ounces lighter also,…mine coming in at just 5.6 ounces WITH the very dense Desert Ironwood. But it’s nice not needing a finish on the wood, ….. with nothing to wear off, etc.






  7. Rew Fisher says:

    I brought one of rays originals. He was writing his first book at the time I done my woodlore course.
    I have the serial engraved on it by Alan 021 I think.
    I’ve never used the knife or sheath and I’m not interested in selling it.
    I just wondered how much they are valued at now.
    I think I paid £110 back in 1990/91

  8. Roy says:

    I have an original W S The Survival Knife from 1989/90 SN 1161 in used but good condition, that I bought while serving in the French Foreign Legion Parachute Regiment.
    I’d like to know how many were actually made, and how much it might be worth?

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Know Your Knives: Woodlore Bushcraft Knife

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